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Selasa, 07 Mei 2013

DIRECT SPEECH AND INDIRECT SPEECH

Diposting oleh Sofia Dwianggraini di 12.00

1. DIRECT SPEECH

       Direct speech is quoted speech that is presented without modification, as it might have been uttered by the original speaker.

2. INDIRECT SPEECH

       Indirect speech is reported speech that is presented with grammatical modifications, rather than as it might have been uttered by the original speaker.

This example sentence :



REPORTING
EXAMPLE DIRECT SPEECH
EXAMPLE DIRECT SPEECH
FACTS
STATMENT
 I’m not hungry now.
He said that he was not hungry at that time.
Pronoun: subjek I menjadi he (orang ketiga);
Verb: am (present tense) menjadi was (past tense) (misalnya) karena diasumsikan dia sudah tidak terlihat lapar lagi lagi (biasa saja).
IMPERATIVE
Please reconsider my proposal.
He requested that I reconsider his proposal.
Pronoun: my menjadi his (orang ketiga);
Verb: tidak berubah (misalnya) karena diasumsikan penyampai berita langsung menyampaikan perkataan tersebut atau dengan kata lain permohonan masih berlaku.
YES-NO QUESTION
Can I put my bag here?
He asked if he could put his bag there.
Verb: can menjadi could (misalnya) karena penyampai berita fokus pada fakta bahwa pembicaraan itu merupakan past conversation;
Time reference: here berubah menjadi there;
if: ditambahkan pada yes-no question
INFORMATION REQUEST
What‘s your choice?
She wanted to know what my choice is.
Verb: tetap is misalnya karena penyampai berita masih belum memutuskan apa pilihannya.








I will give two examples of direct speech and indirect speech. check it down !!


A.  JULIO            : "Hello ely, please tell to Mrs. Sofia. If i will come late to office".
     ELYSIA           : "ok, i will tell to Mrs. Sofia"
     JULIO            : "Thank you"
     ELYSIA           : "You're welcome.
                               Mrs. Sofia, Julio said that she would come to office".
     Mrs. SOFIA     : "Why Julio comes late?"
     ELYSIA           : "Julio said " I took my dad's to the hospital this morning".


B.  KEMAL    : "Hello mario, how are you ?"
     MARIO    : "I'm fine, and you ?"
     KEMAL    : "I'm fine too, do you want swimming with me ?"
     MARIO    : "Yes I want, when we go ?"
     KEMAL    : "Tomorrow at 10.00 am."
     MARIO    : "Ok.  Can you pick me up ?"
     KEMAL    : "Ok. See you tomorrow."



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DIRECT SPEECH AND INDIRECT SPEECH

1. DIRECT SPEECH

       Direct speech is quoted speech that is presented without modification, as it might have been uttered by the original speaker.

2. INDIRECT SPEECH

       Indirect speech is reported speech that is presented with grammatical modifications, rather than as it might have been uttered by the original speaker.

This example sentence :



REPORTING
EXAMPLE DIRECT SPEECH
EXAMPLE DIRECT SPEECH
FACTS
STATMENT
 I’m not hungry now.
He said that he was not hungry at that time.
Pronoun: subjek I menjadi he (orang ketiga);
Verb: am (present tense) menjadi was (past tense) (misalnya) karena diasumsikan dia sudah tidak terlihat lapar lagi lagi (biasa saja).
IMPERATIVE
Please reconsider my proposal.
He requested that I reconsider his proposal.
Pronoun: my menjadi his (orang ketiga);
Verb: tidak berubah (misalnya) karena diasumsikan penyampai berita langsung menyampaikan perkataan tersebut atau dengan kata lain permohonan masih berlaku.
YES-NO QUESTION
Can I put my bag here?
He asked if he could put his bag there.
Verb: can menjadi could (misalnya) karena penyampai berita fokus pada fakta bahwa pembicaraan itu merupakan past conversation;
Time reference: here berubah menjadi there;
if: ditambahkan pada yes-no question
INFORMATION REQUEST
What‘s your choice?
She wanted to know what my choice is.
Verb: tetap is misalnya karena penyampai berita masih belum memutuskan apa pilihannya.








I will give two examples of direct speech and indirect speech. check it down !!


A.  JULIO            : "Hello ely, please tell to Mrs. Sofia. If i will come late to office".
     ELYSIA           : "ok, i will tell to Mrs. Sofia"
     JULIO            : "Thank you"
     ELYSIA           : "You're welcome.
                               Mrs. Sofia, Julio said that she would come to office".
     Mrs. SOFIA     : "Why Julio comes late?"
     ELYSIA           : "Julio said " I took my dad's to the hospital this morning".


B.  KEMAL    : "Hello mario, how are you ?"
     MARIO    : "I'm fine, and you ?"
     KEMAL    : "I'm fine too, do you want swimming with me ?"
     MARIO    : "Yes I want, when we go ?"
     KEMAL    : "Tomorrow at 10.00 am."
     MARIO    : "Ok.  Can you pick me up ?"
     KEMAL    : "Ok. See you tomorrow."



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